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JOURNALS ARTICLES

  

  • POPULATION, DEVELOPMENT AND THE ENVIRONMENT - ISSUE IN SUSTAINABLE ECOTOURISM IN NIGERIA

    By: Paulinus Ngoka

    Population growth and its impact on the environment has become so pervasive that population concerns have become topical issues in contemporary development planning. Human populations ultimately depend on the environment for food, fibre, and other needs. The impact exerted by teeming populations can render the environment vulnerable to many adverse effects, deliberate or inadvertent.

  • ON THE CONTRIBUTION TO THE STUDY OF SET THEORY BY EXTENSION OF COMPONENTS TO HIGHER ORDER IN THE UNIVERSAL SET

    By: Usoro, Anthony Effiong and Ibiok, Elizabeth Uwemedimo

    This paper seeks to establish models from the power set, which includes four subsets A, B, C and D. Venn Diagram is used to introduce additional component to the already established three subsets in the universal set. Models for intersection of only three subsets from the universal set are developed.

  • PROBLEMS AFFECTING THE CHOICE OF APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY FOR BUSINESS CENTRE OPERATION IN ONELGA LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF RIVERS STATE

    By: Abdulkarim, Musa

    Business centres have contributed significantly to the smooth running of public and private activities in Nigeria. Their services or products are output of the manipulation of various technologies. It is in light of this, that this paper examines problems affecting the choice of Appropriate Technology (AT) for Business Centres’ operations. A total of fifty (50) business centres were used for the study.

  • COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE USE OF RICE HUSK ASH, FLY ASH, PERIWINKLE SHELL AND GYPSUM AS STABILIZING AGENT FOR CLAY

    By: Uneke Louis Agwu and Akpan Paul Paulinus

    Fly ash, rice husk ash (RHA), gypsum, and littorina littorea (periwinkle) shell powder were used to stabilize clay soil. The soil is classed as an A – 6(11) soil / medium coarse sandy clay soil. The test results showed that fly ash is the best stabilizing material, followed by gypsum. The periwinkle shell did not increase the shear strength of the soil and RHA decreased it.

  • GARAGE DOOR OPENER USING AN RF REMOTE CONTROL

    By: G. N. Oluwole Jola and B. Zakka

    This paper concerns itself with the principle of operation of the garage door opener from being physically operated to automation using RF remote control technique, allowing the user to remotely control the garage door from a distance of about 15m. This work can be applicable to both residential and commercial buildings.

  • CENTRAL COMPOSITE DESIGNS ROBUST TO A PAIR OF MISSING VALUES IN FOUR FACTORS EXPERIMENTS

    By: E. A. Okon and F. I. Nsude

    This work investigates alpha values for which Four-factor central composite designs are robust to a pair of missing observations under the minimaxloss criterion. Four different configurations of factorial (F) and Axial (A) parts of the designs are studied. These configurations are: design with single replication of both factorial and axial part (F + A), design with single replication of factorial and double replication of axial part (2F + 2A), design with double replication of both factorial and axial part (2F + 2A) and design with double replication of factorial and single replication of axial parts (2F + A).

  • USE OF MELON HUSK AND MELON HUSK ASH AS PARTIAL REPLACEMENT MATERIAL FOR GYPSUM IN POP BOARD

    By: Uneke Louis Agwu and Akpan Paul Paulinus

    Citrullus Vulgaris (melon) when burnt at very high temperature produced ash of similar characteristics as rice husk ash (RHA), pozzolanic in nature, having good binding properties. Up to 30% of gypsum (the essential ingredient of POP board) can be replaced with this ash, thus reducing cost. On the other hand melon husk (unbuunt) can not be used as replacement materials for gypsum as more than 10% of it showed a fall in compressive strength.

  • CASE STUDIES IN PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP (PPP): THE NIGERIAN INFRASTRUCTURAL CHALLENGE PERSPECTIVE.

    By: Ikon, Michael A.

    This paper investigated Nigerian Federal Government's participation in Public Private Partnership contracts as a paradigm shift from the traditional methods of government's 100 percent funding of contracts in the country. A comparative study of subsisting PPP contracts in Nigerian Seaports and airports from 1999-2009 was conducted. The main objective of study is to appraise the subsisting PPP arrangements in Nigerian seaports and airports, the successes, problems, and failures in PPP contracts. The paper adopted the content analysis of library materials, publications, internet materials and other documented researches pertaining to the subject matter as its methodology. Findings of this study confirm improved performance in Nigerian Seaports from 2007 when private operators took over seaports operation.

  • STRUCTURAL FEATURES WITHIN PART OF BORNU BASIN, NORTH-EASTRN NIGERIA, USING SEISMIC DATA

    By: Udoh, J. S., Okwueze, E. E., Ilozobhie, A. J. Idiong, E. A.

    In the analysis of structural features of this study area, the Bornu basin provides possible source rocks, reservoir beds and structural environment which is required for the formation of hydrocarbon. The thrust of this work is to identify the structural features displayed in the seismic section. The study area lies within the northeast end of Nigeria between latitude 120 19'N and 120 28'N and longitude 130 14' E and 130 25'E.

  • GEOPHYSICAL INVESTIGATION OF GROUNDWATER CONTAMINATION AROUND A DUMPSITE IN IKOT EKPENE, NIGERIA, USING THE VERTICAL ELECTRICAL SOUNDING (VES) METHOD

    By: Udo, I. U., Udoh, J. S., Idiong, E. A. and Joseph, U. C.

    In the geophysical investigation of the groundwater contamination around a dumpsite in Ikot Ekpene, the vertical electrical sounding (VES) method was used to investigate the groundwater quality in the area. The study area is located along the Cardinal Ekanem Avenue in Ikot Ekpene, 20m from Ikot Ekpene club house and delineated between latitude 5010'N and 5014'N and longitude 7040'E and 70 45'E. The study is aimed at determining the presence of any contamination of the groundwater as well as assessing the extent of contamination with distant from the site.

  • CULTURE: A MAJOR STUBBORN PARTICULAR OF SOCIAL SCIENCE AND HUMANITY RESEARCH

    By: Lawrence L. Orkuugh

    Culture is a total way of life of a people. It varies from one society to another, and over time. It also moderates an individual's quality of perception of reality. This study was an attempt to present culture as the major stubborn particular influencing the quality and methodological control of empirical scientific techniques to the study of human behaviour universally.

  • FORECAST ERROR VARIANCE DECOMPOSITION ANALYSIS OF FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT ON SOME MICROECONOMIC INDICATORS IN NIGERIA

    By: Musa Y. and Faruku A.Z.

    The role of foreign direct investment in stimulating economic growth has been given prominence in a country development. In this paper we used Cointegrated VAR model to study the impact of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) on Growth Domestics Products (GDP) with other four macroeconomic variables in the Nigerian Economy for the period of January 1970 to December 2004.

  • INFLUENCE OF FOREST MANAGEMENT ON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN AKAMKPA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF CROSS RIVER STATE, NIGERIA

    By: Eyo, Eneyo Okon and Ogo, Uffia Inyang

    The essence of the study was to examine the influences of forest management on economic development in Akamkpa Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria. To achieve the objective of the study, one hypothesis were formulated in line with the variable of the study and tested at 0.05 level of significance. To test these hypothesis one-way analysis of variances (ANOVA) was used to test the hypothesis.

  • EXPERT SYSTEMS FOR CRIME INVESTIGATION AND INTELLIGENT PROFILING

    By: Ekechukwu Boniface, Ugwuanyi Uchenna and Ezema Chukwudozie

    This research has developed behavioral and investigative expert system tool for offender profiling, also known as criminal profiling. The research is intended to help Federal Government to accurately predict and profile unknown criminal subjects or offenders. It also involves criminal personality profiling, criminological profiling, behavioral profiling or criminal investigative analysis.

  • ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF TOURISM: IMPLICATIONS FOR NIGERIA'S TOURISM DEVELOPMENT

    By: P.C. Ngoka, O. A. Ochor and M.C. Dike

    Tourism can produce fallouts which degrade the environment and ultimately prove detrimental to tourism itself. Often, unsustainable practices spoil the very attraction(s) that informed tourism in the first instance; leaving destinations unattractive and avoided by tourists. This paper sought to identify negative environmental impacts as well as eco – friendly practices in tourism, with a view to excluding the former and building the later into Nigeria's tourism development. Forms of environmental impact spawned by tourism were discussed.

  • LINKING TRUST WITH CYNICISM TOWARDS CHANGE: ARE MEN AND WOMEN DIFFERENT?

    By: Fasanmi, Samuel Sunday

    The study examined the influence of political trust and gender on perceived cynicism towards change on fuel subsidy removal among Nigerians. 350 participants which comprises of 217 males and 133 females in Ado Local Government Area of Ekiti State, Nigeria participated in the study. Self-designed questionnaires were used to gather data for the study. Results revealed that there was a significant main effect of perceived political trust on cynicism towards removal of fuel subsidy by Nigerians [F (1, 349) = 50.21; P <. 05].

  • INFLUENCE OF RELIGIOUSITY AND GENDER ON SUICIDE INTENTION AMONG YOUTH IN NORTH-CENTRAL NIGERIA

    By: Elvis Ihaji, Fasanmi, Samuel Sunday, and Enokela Happiness Ehi

    This study examined the influence of religiosity and gender on suicide intention among youths in northern Nigeria. Opinions of three hundred participants were randomly sampled using a battery of test. The research was a survey. Questionnaires were used for data collection; the questionnaires include religiosity scale and suicide intent scale. Three hypotheses were generated and tested in the study. The result revealed that there is no significant interaction effect of religiosity and gender on suicide intention among youths in northern Nigeria. [F (1, 296) = 16.48; P> .05].

  • NURTURING THE GIRL CHILD WITH SELF ESTEEM IN THE CONTEMPORARY SOCIETY: A STUDY OF SELECTED LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS IN ANAMBRA STATE

    By: Mbah Stella Ifeyinwa and Anah Arinze Stanley

    Although women have made gains in education and employment in the equal rights struggle, they are still loosing the self esteem struggle. The typical image of the girl child is that of someone either timid or inept in exhibiting boldness or merely an object for sensual gratification. The society in general makes the girl-child feel inferior by limiting her opportunities. This paper titled nurturing the girl-child with self esteem in the contemporary society aimed at stimulating the interest of parents and stakeholders into acquiring the skills in developing the girl child and her self esteem, for the challenges in the contemporary society.

  • AN INVESTIGATION OF SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES AS A BACKBONE FOR EMPLOYMENT CREATION AND POVERTY REDUCTION IN NIGERIA (A STUDY OF SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES) AT AWKA METROPOLIST IN ANAMBRA STATE

    By: Onuorah, Anthonia Ngozi & Okeke, Margaret Mary Ngozi

    Small and Medium Enterprises have been an integral component for job creations, reduction of poverty and Economic progress. The roles played by this sector in the economic development of every country cannot be overemphasized. The paper investigates small and medium enterprises as a backbone for employment creation and poverty reduction in Nigeria, was focused at Awka metropolis in Anambra State.

  • ENGINEERING ANALYSIS OF THE INTERNET AND INTRANET TECHNOLOGY

    By: Udo, E. U. and Nwaorgu, A. O.

    This work concerns the Engineering Analysis of the Internet and the Intranet. There is confusion between these two technologies which the researchers intend to explore for clear understanding. These technologies have similar infrastructures and configurations which this paper has attempted to analyze. An Engineering analysis and a comparative review was done based on information obtained primarily from reports, journals, and various results from research, using such criteria as configuration, infrastructure, networking, functionality and applications.

  • PHILOSOPHICAL EVALUATION OF THE FORCE AND MYSTICAL POWER OF 'WORD' IN TRADITIONAL IGBO WORLD-VIEW

    By: Anetoh Bonaventure Chike

    This study focuses on philosophical evaluation of the force and mystical power of word in traditional Igbo world-view. In traditional Igbo world-view,'word' is a special type of 'force' which has mystical power. Igbos believe that words can be used to activate and harness the hidden forces in nature. Also, words are said to have mystical influences on human beings either positively or negatively. Man can use words to influence the life force of other beings. The practices of magic and medicine depend basically on word.

  • A REVIEW OF THE CAPITALIST PERSPECTIVE ON LAND AND ITS RESOURCES

    By: Adamu, Sani Jauro

    Land is viewed by many as a vast family on which few are living, many are dead and countless others are still yet unborn. Land resources provide the basis for more than 95% of human food supplies, clothing, and other needs such as wood, fuel and construction. The development of the industrial age have substituted coal, oil, and other minerals for fuel, construction and fibre needs, but have in no way removed the basic dependency of society upon the renewable resources of the land. This paper seek to review the capitalist perspective on land and its resources.

  • BUILDING ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT: THE ROLE OF PERCEIVED JOB INSECURITY AND ORGANIZATIONAL INJUSTICE

    By: Okon A. Umoren and Otu O. Essien

    The role of perceived job insecurity and organizational injustice in building commitment behavior in work organizations were examined in this study among a sample of 520 employees of five commercial banks and six pharmaceutical companies in Uyo, South-South Nigeria.

  • BANK CONSOLIDATION AND PERFORMANCE OF THE NIGERIAN ECONOMY

    By: Baghebo, Michael and Okumoko Tubo P.

    From the 1970s to the early 2000s, Nigeria put in place reform policy measures to ensure strong, reliable and competitive banking sector, and for banks to perform better and contribute to the economy; and to ensure consistency with international standards.

  • FISCAL RESPONSIBILITY AND ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE IN NIGERIA

    By: Baghebo, Michael and Amaegberi A. Michael.

    From the 1970s to the early 2000s, Nigeria put in place reform policy measures to ensure strong, reliable and competitive banking sector, and for banks to perform better and contribute to the economy; and to ensure consistency with international standards.

  • MORAL VALUES, QUALITY EDUCATION, AND THE COMMON GOOD

    By: Justin C. Njiofor

    This paper notes that the consciousness of right and wrong, good and bad, which derives from human being’s rational moral character, is the basis of moral society. It demonstrates logically the relationship between moral values, quality education, and the common good as they relate to the conducts of individuals in the society. It then offers practical ways to improvement in intensity and quality of character building strategies in educational institutions to salvage the growing moral decadence in our communities.

  • CONSTRUCTIONAL FEATURES AND PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF 3-PHASE LINEAR INDUCTION MOTOR

    By: Okpo, Ekom Enefiok and Nkan, Imo Edwin

    A Linear Induction Motor LIM commonly used in propulsion has attracted much attention compared with the rotating induction machine drive system. The constructional features and principle of operation of LIM were reviewed. The LIM performance in rail system and other applications were studied as well.

  • ELECTRIC POWER FORECASTING BY THE YEAR 2020 USING THE LEAST SQUARE METHOD

    By: Nkan, Imo Edwin and Okpo, Ekom Enefiok

    In this study, electric power generation forecasting using the least square method is achieved. The data obtained were the power generation statistics from 2012 to 2016. Linear, non linear and quadratic polynomial modelling of electricity generation was employed. In each case, the simultaneous equations derived were represented in matrix form and the computation of the generation for the given five years was carried out.

  • DEVELOPMENT OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM (SWMIS) FOR SUSTAINABLE WASTE MANAGEMENT IN NIGERIA: A CASE STUDY OF FEDERAL LOW-COST AREA OF BAUCHI METROPOLIS

    By: Ibochi, Andrew Abah and Ezekiel Elisha Jesse

    Waste management involve the process of waste collection, separation, utilization, treatment and disposal of the unutilized portion. The task of waste management becomes more complex as the population increases. The dynamics and complex nature of waste generation and management process require a comprehensive database and novel technology in order to preserve sustainable environment for safe-living.

  • GASTROINTESTINAL PARASITES OF SHEEP, PIGS AND GOATS IN SELECTED LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS OF AKWA IBOM STATE, NIGERIA

    By: Afia, U. U. UdoIdung N. I. and Bassey U. P.

    A comparative study on gastrointestinal parasites of sheep, pigs and goats in selected Local Government Areas of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria was carried out using saturated sodium chloride floatation technique from August to November 2015. The selected Local Government Areas were Uyo and Itu Local Government Areas. The overall prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in Itu Local Government Area was 74.0%, (sheep: 82.8%, pigs: 92.3%, goats: 60%) was higher than that of Uyo Local Government Area 69.1 %, (sheep: 73.8%, pigs: 82.4%, goats: 57.1%).

  • PREVALENCE OF HELMINTHIASIS AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN IBESIKPO ASUTAN LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, AKWA IBOM STATE NIGERIA

    By: Afia, U. U. and UdoIdang, I. N.

    In order to determine the incidence of helminthiasis among primary school pupils in Ibesikpo Asutan Local Government Area, 200 stool samples were randomly collected from school pupils in two primary schools in Ibesikpo Asutan from August 2014 to January 2015. The samples were collected from pupils of both sexes whose ages ranged from 5 to 15 years old. Using direct smear and floatation method to process the samples, 122 (61.0%) of the samples were found positive for various intestinal helminthes with Hookworm species accounting for 28.0%; Ascaris lumbricodies 18.5%; Trichuris trichiura 12.0% and Stronglyloides stercoralis 2.5%.

Contact

J. O. Noah
The Managing Editor,
CATR Journals,
No. 80 Commercial Avenue, Tiko, Buea,
South West Region, Cameroon
Email:
catrjournal@yahoo.com